Early Detection is Key
If you have diabetes, you are two to four times more likely to develop heart disease. And diabetics tend to develop heart disease an earlier age than other people.
If that's not serious enough, almost 65% of people with diabetes die from heart disease.
But you can reduce your risks. Find out how.
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How do you keep your
Keep an Eye on Your Risks.
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the U.S., for both men and women.
Having a stroke isn't far behind.
And each year, about 935,000 Americans will have a heart attack.
For the most part, cardiovascular disease - which includes heart disease and stroke - is linked to risk factors that are easy to identify. By knowing your risks and changing behaviors, it's most often preventable.
With Personalabs, it's easier than ever to get the information you need.
What are the Risk Factors for Heart Disease & Stroke?
The main risk factors for heart disease fall into two categories.
Having even one risk factor doubles your chance of developing heart disease. The main risk factors fall into two categories.
Lifestyle Choices including:
- Being overweight
- Being physically inactive
- Alcohol abuse
- Eating a diet high in saturated fats and cholesterols
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Age (over 65)
- Family history of heart disease
Added risk factors for stroke are related to heart problems including:
- Coronary artery disease (CAD)
- Cardiac arrhythmia
- Heart valve problems
- Past heart attacks
- Mini-strokes, or a transient ischemic attack (TIA)
Warning Signs for Heart Attacks & Stroke
Heart attacks most commonly occur because of coronary CAD, the most common type of heart disease. Also called coronary heart disease (CHD), it keeps the heart's circulation system from pumping enough blood to the heart muscle and surrounding tissue.
Many heart attacks begin with mild symptoms, which can come on very slowly. Women often have no symptoms at all. But in case of a cardiac episode, treatment is most effective within the first hour.
So if there's even a chance something might be wrong, call 9-1-1 immediately!
Heart Attack Symptoms
- Pain or discomfort in the center of your chest - This is the most common symptom, usually lasting more than a few minutes.
- Pain in your upper body - The pressure or tightness can spread from your chest to your shoulders, arms, back, neck, teeth or jaw. You may not feel anything wrong in your chest at all.
- Pain in your stomach - This can feel a lot like heartburn.
- Shortness of breath - This be one of the first signs, and may be followed by chest pain.
- Anxiety - It's easy to dismiss a heart attack as a panic attack.
- Lightheadedness - You might feel dizzy, or like you are going to pass out.
- Cold sweats - Sweatiness or clamminess is common sign, often coupled with other symptoms.
- Nausea and vomiting - It's also common to feel stick to your stomach.
Stroke refers to what happens when the blood flow to the brain is stopped or reduced. It's most commonly caused by a blood clot. As opposed to heart attacks, some people call strokes "brain attacks."
A stroke can happen suddenly, but may occur over many hours. And symptoms of smaller strokes can be mistaken for other conditions, or "normal" signs of aging.
But take any indication of stroke as a sign to call 9-1-1 immediately.
- Sudden numbness - This may happen in your face, arm or leg, and often on only one side of your body.
- Sudden confusion - Trouble understanding simple statements or speaking.
- Sudden vision changes - Difficulty seeing out of one or both eyes.
- Sudden balance problems - This could result in dizziness, disorientation or difficulty walking.
- Sudden headaches - The pain might be severe, and different from any of your past headaches.
The symptoms of a TIA, or mini-stroke, are similar to those of a stroke and will not cause permanent damage or disability. However, a TIA increases your risk for a stroke.