Also Known As
Gastric Parietal Antibody, Gastric Parietal Cell Antibody, GPA, PCA
The Purpose of a Parietal Cell AB, ELISA Test
The ELISA parietal cell antibody test is primarily used to diagnose autoimmune gastritis, a condition characterized by inflammation of the stomach lining due to the immune system’s attack on parietal cells. Low levels of intrinsic factor produced by these cells can lead to vitamin B12 deficiency, which can cause pernicious anemia, nerve damage, and other complications. This test helps healthcare providers determine the presence of parietal cell autoantibodies and their concentration, guiding diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune gastritis.
What Does the Parietal Cell Antibody Test Measure?
The ELISA parietal cell AB test measures the concentration and activity of autoantibodies against parietal cells in the blood. Parietal cell antibodies belong to a group of antibodies known as autoantibodies, produced by the immune system when it attacks the body’s cells. These antibodies can be measured using an ELISA (enzyme-linked immunoassay) test, which involves mixing the patient’s blood sample with a specific antigen. If the patient has autoantibodies against the antigen, they will bind to the antigen, and the test will show a color reaction. The intensity of the color reflects the concentration of the autoantibodies in the blood.
Who Should Take a Parietal Cell Antibody, ELISA Test?
The parietal cell AB ELISA test is recommended for people with symptoms associated with autoimmune gastritis or vitamin B12 deficiency. These may include fatigue, weakness, numbness, tingling, and neurological problems related to vitamin B12 deficiency. Other people who may require the test include those with a family history of autoimmune gastritis, pernicious anemia, or other autoimmune disorders.
Parietal Cell Antibody Test Preparation
There aren’t any special instructions to follow before taking the parietal cell antibody ELISA lab test.
ELISA Parietal Cell Antibody Test Results
A negative, or normal, result means that no autoantibodies were detected in the blood. Normal values range from 0 to 20 U/mL. Higher results indicate a greater concentration of these antibodies, indicating a more severe autoimmune gastritis. A Personalabs doctor can discuss your results and offer recommendations during a telehealth visit.
Where Can I Get an ELISA Parietal Cell AB Test Near Me?
Choose from over 400 health tests at Personalabs, including a wide range of autoimmune disease tests. It’s simple to order the test you want; before you begin browsing, make sure you live in a state that doesn’t require a doctor’s approval to make the purchase. Then:
Step 1: Shop Personalabs online and buy your test, downloading the lab order that comes with it.
Step 2: Visit our website and find the testing location near you from over 4,000 Labcorp and Quest Diagnostics sites across the country. Schedule your testing.
Step 3: Bring the lab order to your appointment and give your blood sample.
Step 4: See your results in your Personalabs account within 2 to 10 business days. (Contact us if you need the results by a specific date, and we will reach out to the lab.)
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Estimated Turn Around For Results:
2-10 Business Days
For an exact turnaround time for results, please contact us at Personalabs and we will contact the lab on your behalf as turnaround times vary depending on testing location or lab testing provider.